Vultures Sunning on the Playground (16May2022)

In “Why do Vultures Spread Their Wings – Feathered Solar Panels” (Max Bird Facts), Maxfield Weakley writes: Vultures will routinely seek patches of light in the morning before taking flight, and there are three leading theories to this behavior:1. The vultures use the sun as an energy boost to start the morning.2. The heat absorbed …

“The Ten Principles of Ecology” by Mike Kaspari

In “The Ten Principles of Ecology” (17 July 2012), Mike Kaspari (see also Google Scholar. the University of Oklahoma, and his Curriculum Vitae) writes: The Ten Principles of Ecology 1. Evolution organizes ecological systems into hierarchies. Individual organisms combine into populations, populations combine into species, species combine into higher taxa like genera and phyla. Each …

“New Research Shows How Wolves Survived Pleistocene Extinction”

In “New research shows how wolves survived Pleistocene extinction” (The University of Ottawa’s Fulcrum, 6Feb2022), Emma Williams wrote: Based on Landry’s research she found that “they were eating the same types of material in the Pleistocene as they do now or recently (1960). So a lot of the scratches (those linear features) would show us …